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Questions of the Hour, 

. . • 49 j 

i Monographs, 

News of the Churches, 

• • • 53 1 

Editorial Notes, . . . 


flDarcb, 1906. 



* ■ 


A Monthly Missionary JottmaL 

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Olive: trees 

A Monthly Journal devoted to Missionary Work in the Reformed Presby- 
terian Church, U. S. A. 

No. MARCH, 1906. 3. 




Concluded from p. 29. 

2. Because there are special tempta- 

There is the temptation to negligence. 
He is master of his time. The lawyer is 
prodded by his client. The physician is 
looked for by his patients. The merchant 
is expected at his office. But who keeps 
tab on the minister? Who knows whether 
he uses his time methodically? Who 
knows whether beaten oil is being pre- 
pared for the light of the sanctuary? 
There is the temptation to preach himself. 
Flowers from the field of literature in- 
stead of lilies from the garden of truth; 
rhetoric instead of bloodearnestness, and 
holding up the truths that please the peo- 
ple instead of “preaching the preaching 
that God commands/’ are besetting sins 
too often indulged in. There is the temp- 
tation to substitute professional for per- 
sonal piety. A minister may determine 
to read the Book for his own advantage. 
But before going far a verse strikes him 
as a good text for his people, and away he 
goes in the preparation of a message for 
them. “They made me the keeper of 
others’ vineyards, but mine own vineyard 
have I not kept.” It is possible to pro- 
claim the truth and help others, while the 
messenger is lost. Judas had miracle- 
working power, as the other eleven, and he 

proclaimed the Kingdom as they did. But 
“he went to his own place.” Paul recog- 
nized this danger. “I keep my body 
under and bring it into subjection, lest 
while I preach to others, I myself should 
be a castaway.” The nine disciples at the 
foot of the transfiguration mount failed 
to cast out the evil spirit from the son 
whose father brought him, because they 
thought so much of the splendid power 
they had that they lost sight of Christ as 
the giver of the power. Their humiliating 
failure impressively taught them that the 
power was retained only by a living, active, 
energetic faith in Christ as its source. 
In Him alone they are to rejoice, and to 
Him they must give all the glory. Mis- 
sionaries are tempted to attempt to civ- 
ilize before evangelizing savages. But it 
will not do. Dr. A. J. Gordon, in his 
“Holy Spirit in Missions,” tells us that 
Hans Egede went as a pioneer missionary 
to Greenland. He worked for years under 
the mistaken theory that the heathen 
must be prepared by a course of training 
for receiving the gospel. As a result he 
failed and left the field in bitter disap- 
pointment. His successor, John Beck, on 
the other hand, began by preaching the 
simple message of Christ. “One seed of 
scripture from his lips — the story of 
the Saviour’s agony in the garden — fell 
into the heart of a savage by the name of 
Ivajarnak — into a heart all overgrown and 
choked with the thorns of barbarism — and 


Questions of the Hour. 

immediately it germinated and brought 
forth fruit. The stolid savage became a 
disciple ; the disciple became an evangelist. 
His dull heart kindled with astonishing 
glow, while with flowing tears and resist- 
less pathos he recited to his countrymen 
the story of the cross.” William Duncan, 
of Metlakahtla, Alaska, relates the follow- 
ing : “One of the most embarrassing ques- 
tions ever put to me by an Indian was 
put when I first went among the Indians 
at Fort Simpson : ‘What do you mean 

by 1858 ?’ ‘It represents the number of 
years that we have had the gospel of God 
in the world.’ ‘Why did you not tell us of 
this before? Why were not our forefath- 
ers told this?’ I looked upon that as a 
poser. ‘Have you got the word of God ?’ — 
equivalent to saying, ‘Have you got a let- 
ter from God?’ ‘Yes, I have God’s letter.’ 
‘I want to see it.’ I then got my Bible. 
Remember this was my first introduction. 
I wanted them to understand that I had 
not brought a message from the white 
man in England or anywhere else, but 
from the King of kings, the God of 
heaven. They wanted to see that. It was 
rumored all over the camp that I had a 
message from God. The man came into 
the house, and I showed him the Bible. 
He put his finger very cautiously upon it 
and said, ‘Is that the Word?’ ‘Yes, it is.’ 
‘The Word from God?’ ‘Yes, it is.’ ‘Has 
He sent it to us ?’ ‘He has, just as much as 
He has to me.’ ‘Are you going to tell the 
Indians that?’ ‘I am.’ He said, ‘Good; 
that is very good.’ ” 

3. Because their efficiency as mes- 
sengers of the cross'depends upon their 
partaking of the power of Christ’s death 
and resurrection. 

Paul is called the fusile apostle because 
his soul was melted by the love of Christ 
and poured into the mould of Christ’s 
death and resurrection. “I am crucified 
with Christ; nevertheless, I live; yet not 

I, but Christ liveth in me, and the life I 
now live in the flesh, I live by the faith 
of the Son of God who loved me and gave 
Himself for me.” He wrote to the Philip- 
pians that the knowledge of Christ was 
everything, and that this knowledge was 
secured by the power of His resurrection 
(for he did not know Christ after the 
flesh, but first met Him in His resurrec- 
tion body), and that the power of His 
resurrection is known only by fellowship 
in His sufferings and conformity to His 
death. The believer is so identified with 
Christ that His death and resurrection 
become his. But Christ condemned sin 
in the flesh. He lived a sinless life in the 
wnrld. He met sin and conquered. He 
flung back His enemy as a conqueror. The 
believer gains this victory over sin by 
faith in Him. He died for sin. The be- 
liever dies to sin. Sin has no more power 
over him than the world over a dead body. 
Sin assails the believer in vain. But 
Christ recognizes the believer’s sufferings 
as His. Paul filled up in his body that 
which was behind of the afflictions of 
Christ. He carried about in his body the 
dying of the Lord Jesus. And this con- 
tinuous fellowship with Christ in His 
sufferings made him such a missionary. 
“Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord 
we persuade men.” 

Henry Martin, the rector of the Church 
of England, went to India in 1805, as a 
missionary. He said to the people : “Look 
at me. The blood of Jesus Christ has 
cleansed me, a great sinner, and it will 
cleanse you.” The people believed. His 
health failed after he had translated the 
New Testament into the Bengale lan- 
guage. He started home. Stopping in 
Persia, he paused a year, translated the 
New Testament and the Psalms into the 
Persian language. Then renewing his 
journey home, he died in the Pass of the 
Caucasus in Asia Minor, through which 

Questions of the Ilour. 


the Apostle Paul passed in his second mis- 
sionary tour. As he lay dying he said : 
“See how death is made easy for a sin- 
ner who believes. Death is robbed of its 
sting in Christ Jesus/’ Think of the 
monk in Erfurt convent. He is distressed. 
He reads a Latin Bible chained to the 
wall of the cell. He scourges himself. He 
faints from weakness. An old monk, 
Cajeton, comes to him. “The just shall 
live by faith,” he says. “My sins, my 
sins !” cries the sufferer. “Would you be 
the semblance of a sinner and have the 
semblance of a Saviour? You are a real 
sinner and have a real Saviour. Trust 
Him.” Luther believes and is saved. He 
preaches to others, and they believe. He 
publishes a commentary on Galatians. 
Two hundred years later a few poor men 
and women meet in London to pray and 
read the Scriptures. It is a small room 
in a back alley. An ‘Oxford collegian 
meets with them. They read Luther’s 
commentary on Galatians. “A strange 
fear came into my heart,” said the stu- 
dent, “as I listened to Luther’s exposition 
of justification by faith.” Wesley was 
converted and began his revival work. 
The hearts of Whitefield and Edwards 
are touched and New England is on fire. 
A student in Yale College is seized by the 
fire and the conservative faculty suspend 
him. Brainard goes as a missionary to the 
Indians. He keeps a diary of his work amid 
the forests and snows of New England. 
He returns to President Edwards’ home 
and dies. Dr. Edwards published these 
memoirs. A cobbler in England reads 
them. And William Carey goes to India 
as a missionary in 1793. What hath God 
wrought? Many centuries ago the Chris- 
tians of Moldavia were at war with the 
Turks under Bajazet II. A bloody battle 
was fought. The Christians were badly de- 
feated. Their leader, Stephen, afterward 
called the Great because he gained such a 

signal victory over the Turks, led the Mol- 
davian Christians back in retreat. Wlien 
they came near their fortified city the 
women closed the gates against them, and 
his mother said to Stephen, “You shall 
never enter this fortress unless you come 
in as the conqueror of the Turks.” He 
was stung and enraged. Pie rallied his 
Christian soldiers and gathered an army 
of 10,000 and met 100,000 Moslems on 
the field, and gained a complete victory. 
Perhaps some mother is speaking from the 
walls of yonder heaven to-day, saying to 
her son in the field : “ Y ou shall never 
enter these pearly gates unless you come 
in as the conqueror of sin and Satan, hav- 
ing brought down their strongholds and 
spoiled their principalities and powers.” 
Harlan P. Beach closes his “Geography 
of Missions,” by quoting a passage from 
Dr. Dwight: “When Constantine, 1500 

years ago, was marking out lines of for- 
tifications for his new capital, some of 
his courtiers, surprised at the greatness of 
the space, asked ‘How far are you going to 
carry the lines?’ ‘Until He stops who goes 
before me,’ was the answer of the em- 
peror. He deemed the city to belong to 
Jesus Christ, a token of the triumph of 
Jesus Christ over the heathen world.” An, I 
to objectify this thought, Justinian, in 
reconstructing the Cathedral of St. Sopliia, 
brought to its precincts the finest marbles 
and the most majestic columns from the 
temples of Jupiter and Venus, of Diana 
and Baal and Astarte, of Isis and Osiris, 
from all the neighboring lands. The 
traveler who visits this majestic fane, now 
a Mohammedan mosque, may see in the 
center of the half-dome of the apse what 
to the careless eye is only a modern ara- 
besque painted on a ground of gold. “A 
careful scrutiny,” says Dr. Dwight, “will 
discover underneath the arabesque of the 
Moslems, and forming a richer and more 
brilliant portion of the shining ground- 


Questions of the Hour. 

work, the outlines of a figure of heroic 
size, with flowing robes, with arms out- 
stretched and with a halo crowning the 
head. The figure is a mosaic worked into 
the substance of the wall as a leading fea- 
ture in the ancient decoration of the 
church. The Mohammedan conquerors, 
instead of destroying the figure, merely 
hid it from the eyes of their own people 
by overlaying it with gold. That figure, 
which could not be hid by the gold-leaf 
which veils it, is the figure of Jesus 
Christ.” This prophecy in marble and 
mosaic and gold is to-daj r being fulfilled. 
The veil is being taken away, and the 
Christ made known to all nations. 

“ITis large and great dominion shall from 
sea to sea extend; 

It from the river shall reach forth unto 
earth’s utmost end.” 

4. Because their capacity for receiving 
the Kingdom and enjoying its privileges 

depends upon this living fellowship with 

A blind man cannot enjoy a picture 
gallery. A deaf man cannot enjoy a con- 
cert. A man with no sense of smell or 
taste cannot enjoy the fragrance of flow- 
ers or the sweetness of honey. “The 
natural man receiveth not the things of the 
Spirit, neither can he know them, because 
they are spiritually discerned ; but he that 
is spiritual knoweth all things — yea, the 
deep things of God.” It is a paradox. A 
man must receive the Kingdom into his 
own heart first. And then he is qualified 
to enter upon the possession of the King- 
dom. “Verily, I say unto you, whosoever 
shall not receive the Kingdom of God as a 
little child, he shall not enter therein.” 
This is power. “When I am weak, then 
am I strong.” This is true evangel re- 

We frequently hear estimates made of the'cost of conversions in various fields. Such 
comparisons may be helpful in some ways, but they also suggest a mercenary standard, 
which is not in keeping with the meaning of our Saviour’s cross. The spirit of missions 
is the spirit of sacrifice ; that is, of the Christ. The true missionaries have not counted 
their lives dear unto themselves. They liave relived the eleventh chapter of Hebrews 
in their lives of faith and service. The followers of Jesus Christ are to make the best 
possible use of life’s energies, but are not to be disobedient; are to be prudent, but not 
to be behind those who spend millions of dollars and thousands of lives to build rail- 
roads and open up markets for our Western trade. When we read of the Japanese 
hurling themselves against impregnable fortresses and sacrificing lives by the thou- 
sands in devotion to their country, are we to count the cost of obedience to Jesus Christ 
in dollars and even in men? Should business men complain while millions of dollars 
come to us annually as a commercial result of foreign missions ? Some are coming 
to look upon gifts for missions as a money-making investment. America certainly 
should not begrudge the thousands of dollars spent for evangelization; it is so little 
compared with what we spend for ourselves or what we get in return, not to speak of 
the immeasurable value of the men saved, of the races and nations renewed, and of 
the Master honored . — Baptist Missionary Magazine. 

During the Welsh revival a poor man cried out in prayer to be filled with the Spirit, 
and concluded by saying, “We can’t hold much, Lord, but we can overflow lots.” That 
is just what the world needs to-day. -i, • _■ — . 

News of the Churches. 




Latakia, Syria. — In the monthly 
statement of this Mission to the Board, 
dated Jan. 17, Miss Edgar sends interest- 
ing items : 

We have just closed the week of prayer, 
during which the meetings were well at- 
tended, and marked by a good degree of 
interest. This morning begins prepara- 
tory services before Communion next 
Sabbath. There has been a better at- 

tendance of day pupils among the boys 
this winter than for several years, forty- 
five being the average. Several of the 
pupils in the boarding school are asking 
to be allowed to make a confession of their 
faith at the Communion. One of them is 
the youngest son of Khalil Bahai ji, a Fel- 
lah in Bahamra, who has always been one 
of the strongest opposers of the work there. 
His death about two weeks ago may make 
matters easier for our people there. 

Antonius Asaad, who has taken up the 
work of Licentiate Saleem Saleh, was at 
Gunaimia last Sabbath. As the weather 
has been much drier than usual, he has 
been able to go out nearly every week. 

A letter from Miss Cunningham this 
morning reports her well and encouraged 
in the work at Suadia. The Sabbath ser- 
vices there have been specially well at- 

Our circle are all in good health. 

Mersina, Asia Minor. — Bev. C. A. 
Dodds, in a letter dated J an. 5, tells of his 
entrance upon work in this field : 

My coming to Mersina seems to have 
been the cause of a good bit of trouble, for 
people are puzzled to know just how to 
name my brother and me, so as to dis- 
tinguish clearly between us. Not being 

used to our custom of designating people 
by prefixing initials to the family name, 
they know each one of us only as Mr. 
Dodds. Some try to make a distinction, 
rather unsuccessfully, as it seems to me, 
by calling Ii. J. “our” Mr. Dodds, and 
me “the Suadia Mr. Dodds.” Another 
scheme is to designate him as the (from 
of) “old preacher,” and me as the “new 
preacher.” Others still designate my 
brother as the “big” (or old) preacher 
and me as the “little” (or young) preacher 
(the adjectives “little” and “big” in the 
Arabic, when predicated of persons, usu- 
ally mean “young” and “old”). This 
would do very well, excepting that so 
many set me down as older than B. J. 
I hope that they may succeed in finding 
some satisfactory solution of the difficulty. 
Thus far no great harm has resulted. 

Since coming here I have spent most of 
the time in Mersina (it is now a little 
over two months since we landed here), 
for it took a good while — with all the in- 
tervening duties — to get our house set in 
order. However, a week or two ago, B. J. 
took me with him to Tarsus and Adana 
and introduced me to the brethren in those 
places. We were in Tarsus for the 
Wednesday evening prayer meeting, at 
which perhaps about forty or forty-five 
persons assembled. Thursday we visited 
our people in their homes, if it be right to 
call the poor hovels in which most of them 
live, homes. But even a hovel, if the 
grace of the Lord Jesus Christ abounds in 
it, may contain a home. In most of the 
houses the women were busy working with 
cotton, which seems to be the chief staple 
of the Tarsus neighborhood. Wherever 
we sat down, we gathered a supply of it 


News of the Churches. 

on our coats. During oux stay in Tarsus 
we were hospitably entertained at the 
home of Dr. Christie, president of St. 
Paul’s Institute. 

On Friday we went on to Adana, where 
we made our headquarters with Mr. and 
Airs. Chambers, of the American Board. 
That evening we had a meeting at the 
teacher’s house, which was fairly well at- 
tended. Saturday morning we walked out 
to the Oba, took dinner with a Fellah 
Sheikh, who seemed greatly pleased to 
hear the Bible read and expounded. After 
several hours spent with him, we went on 
to visit Suleiman and Zahara, who live 
about quarter of an hour further away 
from Adana. We were pretty tired by the 
time we got back to Adana, but after sup- 
per we sallied forth to a meeting that had 
been arranged for at the home of an 
Adana friend. At this meeting there were 
three Sheikhs present, with whom my 
brother and the teacher had quite a lively 
discussion. As usual they maintained that 
God had given four books, the Bible, the 
Psalms, the Gospel and the Koran. As 
proof that the Koran agrees with the 
others, they cited the fact that it testifies 
to Christ. My brother replied that the 
devils also testified to Christ, liut He did 
not want their testimony, rebuking them 
rather for offering it. 

On Sabbath morning and afternoon we 
had meetings at the house of the teacher. 
A good many of those in attendance speak 
Kurdish, and the teacher addressed them 
in that language. In the evening we had 
a well attended meeting at the house of 
another of the brethren. 

The Adana brethren are few in number, 
but seem to be very zealous, and there 
seems to be a spirit of inquiry among a 


A letter from Bev. R. J. Dodds, dated 
Jan. 20, brings interesting news: 

We are having a pleasant winter, though 
colder than usual. The oranges have all 
been spoiled, and some other things in the 
gardens. It has been hard on the poor, 
as many have insufficient protection 
against the cold. 

All who come from Suadia agree in say- 
ing that the transfer of my brother from 
that field will be a great loss. When they 
mourned to him that his leaving would 
entirely break up the work there, he 
told them that the best testimony they 
could bear to the good effect of his work 
among them would be to continue to 
gather together for the worship of God 
when he left and to live as he had tried 
to teach them to live. 

The work in Adana is going on well, 
and Hanna Basmah is greatly pleased. 
He is holding meetings every night by 
invitations from house to house, at which 
many gather to hear the word of God. 

In Tarsus the meetings are held in the 
rented house, are largely attended and full 
of interest. On Sabbath there are two 
meetings for the exposition of the Scrip- 
tures, besides a class for children, which 
is conducted by Abraham Garabet. There 
is a prayer meeting every Wednesday even- 
ing. Attendance at the Sabbath morning 
service is from seventy to eighty. In the 
afternoon it is smaller. Machail Luttoof 
is in charge. He is at present following 
the Shorter Catechism in his discourses, 
making each answer in turn the basis of 
his remarks. I recommended this plan to 
him, so that the people would be surer to 
have a systematic presentation of the doc- 
trines of our religion. He and his wife 
are doing a good work visiting the people 
in their homes wherever they are received. 

In Mersina the work is in some respects 
satisfactory. Meetings are fairly well at- 
tended, though not crowded. We have 
held a number of evangelistic services in 
various houses, at which there has been a 

News of Vve ‘Churches. 


good attendance. One night a sleeping 
child in a bed in the room where we were 
holding service began to wake, and a 
woman in charge of it took my Testament 
in her hands and passed it several times 
over the child’s head as a charm to quiet 
it. They have great regard of a super- 
stitious character for the Scriptures. 

The school work is on the whole encour- 
aging. We do not see all the results we 
wish ; but the children are taught the 
word of God. All the teachers seem to be 
working together in harmony, and this is 
true of the brethren in the church, so far 
as I can determine. 

The Sabbath school is almost entirely 
made up of pupils of the school, and one 
of our teachers is at present the superin- 
tendent. I sometimes think that if there 
were more effort and more tact on the part 
of the natives the Sabbath school might be 
enlarged. But our location in town is not 
favorable for a Sabbath school, we being 
off on one side, and our nearest neighbors 
of the most bigoted sects. 

Many are asking about Dr. Dray. Miss 
Evangeline Metheny visited us during her 
vacation. She is very happy in her work 
in Alexandretta, and reports it as pros- 

Cyprus. — The following letter, dated 
•Jan. 30, is from Dr. Calvin McCarroll: 

Last week w r e observed the week of 
prayer, which was attended by the mem- 
bers, with evident interest. There were 
no outsiders present, except on two nights, 
when it was held in the homes of mem- 
bers. There were a few others, one of 
them being a brother of a member whose 
father would not permit him to attend 
meeting in the church. 

The attendance at the clinics is now 
quite satisfactory. We have free clinic 
every Tuesday and Friday, when we have 
from thirty to fifty each day. The number 

of treatments now amount to over 2,100. 

Some of the patients seem to be inter- 
ested in what we have to say about the 
spiritual life. Others say to them that we 
are Protestants, and their reply is that we 
are nevertheless Christians, for we act and 
live as Christians. One man, every time 
he comes, asks for literature, and especial- 
ly The Star of the East, a religious paper 
edited by Dr. Kolopathakis in Athens. 
Thus the seed is sown in various ways, and 
we know not which shall prosper, but trust 
that some will fall on good ground and 
bear fruit unto everlasting life. 

Since last writing I have made three 
trips to Kyrenia — once with my brother 
when we expected to have services in the 
hospital, but found that the Commissioner 
of Kyrenia had forbidden the holding of 
public meetings in the hospital, so we were 
compelled to go to a room in a hotel. The 
Commissioner of Kyrenia is a Boman 
Catholic and has no love for Protestants. 
However, the patients in the hospital there 
come under good influence, as the district 
medical officer. Dr. Fuleihan, an Arab, is 
a Presbyterian from Beirut, and the 
nurses who started the hospital as mission 
work about twelve years ago, are devoted 
Christians and have prayers with the 

Kyrenia is sixteen miles from Nicosia, 
and lies on the north coast, back of the 
Kyrenia Mountains. As we descended the 
other side of the hills, we were able to see 
the Taurus Mountains in Asia Minor, 
with their long line of snow-capped sum- 
mits. These mountains are a few thou- 
sand feet higher than any in Cyprus, and 
this is supposed to be one reason for the 
scarcity of rain here in the summer. This 
winter is reported to be the coldest in 
Cyprus for several years. There has been 
snow in the hills for the past month, and 
we have frost occasional^ here in Nicosia. 

We are getting on slowly with the lan- 


News of the Churches. 

guage. Americans do not seem to be as 
good linguists as the Orientals, who hear 
three or four languages from the time of 
their birth. 

Our patients are about evenly divided 
between Greeks and Turks, with a few 
Armenians. So I am devoting a portion 
of my time to learning Turkish as it is 
spoken, not written. 

Our health is good at present, and our 
brother reports they are about as usual. 

Tak Hing, China.— A personal letter 
from Rev. J. Iv. Robb, dated Dec. 26, 
1905, contains an item or two that may be 
passed on to the churches : . 

It is always an encouragement to us to 
get letters from people who are not only 
our friends, but who are also friends of 
our work, and who are as much interested 
in it as we are. A missionary’s life is not 
all excitement. In fact there is much in 
it that makes it rather humdrum at times, 
or would make it so, were, not the motive 
kept in view. The captain of one of the 
steamers on the river remarked to me one 
day that he was sure, if he had to live 
here all the time, he should die of ennui, 
which is probably true. At times we have 
our feeling of loneliness and isolation; 
but the feeling soon passes off because of 
the presence of so much to take our 
thoughts away from ourselves. 

A movement inaugurated by our native 
converts to start a school has served to 
awaken new interest in our work. The 
latest phase of this movement is the buy- 
ing of a piece of ground as a site for the 
school. Suitable places were not plenty, 
and when one was found, the rent was not 
reasonable. So the committee in charge 
of this matter concluded that it would be 
cheaper in the end to turn their subscrip- 
tions in toward buying a piece of land, 
and thus save rents in the future. The lo- 
cation is good, though the building will 

need some repairs before it can be occu- 

We had our first service in the chapel 
last Sabbath. The day was wet, the rain 
pouring down in torrents at the hour of 
service. But we had a very fair audience, 
a good number of people present who are 
not Christians. We will have* communion 
the first Sabbath of the New Year, and 
expect to have a number of new members 
to report to the Church at home. The 
school progresses nicely. Mrs. Wright is 
fortunate in having a very capable 
Chinese woman to do all the teaching 
and relieve her in many other ways. 

The recent trouble at Lin Chau and the 
general feeling of unrest in China, have 
prevented us from doing anything toward 
opening a new station. We hope to get 
something done soon. We are not the 
only ones who are crippled on account of 
these disturbances. I suppose we are not 
feeling the restrictions nearly so much as 
some others. Missions with stations far 
inland have recalled the workers from 
those places, so that at some points the 
work is stopped altogether. What these 
outbreaks portend no one can tell. Many 
foreigners do not hesitate to say that the 
missionaries are responsible for all of 
China’s troubles of recent years. Others 
lay the blame on the attitude of our coun- 
try toward the Chinese. But these are 
troubles that cannot be traced to any 
source, and the whole movement of unrest 
seems to me to be the beginning of a new 
era for China. There is much yet to be 
done, but it is coming to the light. 


Rev. Julius A. Kempf, writing Dec. 30, 
1905, gives items of interest: 

On the first of this month Che Sin 
Shang, one of our members, quietly passed 
awa} r . This is the first death among our 
native converts. 

Che Sin Shang was baptized three 

News of the Churches. 


years ago. He was a young man, of a 
very meek and quiet disposition; the most 
inoffensive Chinaman I have ever met. To 
know him one would think that the least 
opposition would force him to compromise 
or deny his faith. But as far as we know 
lie remained steadfast to the end. His life 
ho re witness to the converting power of the 
gospel and the sustaining power of divine 

With the consent of his parents he was 
given a Christian burial. This was a 
strange ceremony to the Chinese, and it 
gave an occasion for spreading the most 
absurd reports. The story is now circu- 
lating in town that we took out his eyes, 
disemboweled him and did some other 
nonsensical things to him. It is strange 
how easily this people will believe a lie, 
and how hard it is for them to believe the 
simple truth. 

For the last two weeks the people of 
Tak King have been lighting the dreaded 
“plague,” and their methods of warfare 
are indicative of their dense ignorance and 
deep heathenism. Instead of cleaning up 
their streets and houses, they are parading 
their idols through the streets, beating 
gongs and shooting off firecrackers. They 
believe that a certain plague god or devil 
is among them, and that by parading the 
other gods through the city where they 
can see the ruin and sorrow caused by the 
plague, they will be induced to drive out 
this plague devil. If is just as one of our 
Christians said, “They are trying to make 
devils drive out devils.” 

Our booksellers have just come in, and 
they bring rather discouraging reports. 
They say it is very hard to sell books; the 
people scold them when they speak about 
the Doctrine, and say very bad things 
about the Christians. 

There seems to be a general feeling of 
unrest, and the feeling is anti-foreign and 
anti-Christian. So far our work at Tak 

Hing has not been interfered with by the 
present Conditions; but our plans for 
opening work at Inn Tan have suffered 
a delay. Mr. A. I. Robb intended to go to 
Lin Tan this winter to make arrangements 
for permanent work, but when we heard of 
the affair at Lin Chau and that the United 
States Consul had advised the missions at 
Wu Chau, fifty miles west of us, to call in 
all the missionaries to the central station, 
it was thought best to postpone the visit 
to Lin Tan. 

Cheering news is found in a letter from 
Dr. J. M. Wright, under date of Jan. 8: 

Yesterday was our communion Sabbath. 
Services were conducted Friday, Saturday 
and Sabbath by Revs. A. I. and J. K. 
Robb. Tt was a season of more than usual 
interest. There were thirteen applicants, 
three of whom were accepted. These three 
are all “Read Book” men, and have had to 
withstand opposition from family and 
friends. It was a beautiful and an im- 
posing sight to see them come out in the 
face of such strong prejudices and hin- 

One lives in Tak Hing, and the opposi- 
tion and fear of his family and friends 
had kept him from being baptized at the 
previous communion. The other two live 
a day’s journey north. One of these has 
had to endure a great deal of scoffing from 
his fellow villagers. But he takes it all 
patiently, and tells them that now he is 
“just a silkworm, and by and by he will 
be a butterfly, and then they would not 
make fun of him.” The other man is a 
Chinese doctor. These three are the “first 
fruits” gathered from the upper and 
higher class of the Chinese. To be a 
“Read Book” man means influence and 
respect. The weather was fine and the 
attendance good. The new chapel is a 
comfort, and all rejoice in it. 

Since last communion, one of our mem- 


News of the Churches. 

bers, the first man Mr. Eobb baptized here, 
has been called up higher. He had suf- 
fered from tuberculosis for some months. 
About an hour before his death Mr. Eobb 
asked him if he was happy and ready to 
go. His answer was that he was happy 
and ready to go. This was good witness 
to those around him, as a heathen Chinese 
death is void of all happiness. 

There is a general anti-foreign feeling 
in China now, and it reaches to all for- 
eigners, but probably is strongest against 
Americans. So far the services have been 
as well attended as usual, but dispensary 
work has not been so heavy, only the worst 
cases coming. It is worse in the coast 
cities, the churches and schools and hos- 
pitals feeling the effects of the boycott in 
some cases very much. 

Word has just come of a village a day’s 
journey north which is very favorable to 
Christianity and desiring to be taught. 
Just as soon as Mr. Eobb can get away he 
intends to make them a visit. This case 
is remarkable, as most of the places remote 
from stations' are very hostile to foreign- 

It was Mr. Eobb’s intention to open 
work in Lin Tan, but anti-foreign feeling 
is too strong at present, and no houses can 
be rented there. The members of the 
Chung Village are meeting with a great 
deal of ridicule from their neighbors on 
account of being Christians and being con- 
nected with foreigners. In a great many 
places the officials have been tearing down 
temples and turning them into schools. 
These officials have received enough of the 
“Western idea” to have lost faith in idols. 
They tear down temples and destroy idols, 
but do not offer anything instead of them 
for the people to worship. The people are 
very much displeased over losing their 
temples and gods, and of course blame the 

The girls’ school closed to-day for holi- 

days. Two of the girls applied for bap- 
tism, but were advised to wait. They have 
committed to memory the Lord’s Prayer, 
the Ten Commandments, Twenty-third 
Psalm and numerous portions of Psalms 
and Scripture verses, besides learning to 
read and write. Sewing and knitting take 
part of their time. 

Drs. McBurnev are busy at dispensary 
work, with studies and in teaching. The 
work on the hospital is progressing, but 
like all building in China, slowly. It will 
probably be a year before it is completed. 

I neglected to say that there were three 
Chinese children baptized at this com- 
munion. Mr. Kempf is faithfully dig- 
ging out the mysteries of Chinese charac- 
ters. All are in good health, and send best 
wishes. A few minutes ago a man came 
to the dispensary and said that if I’d cure 
him he would join the Church. They fre- 
quently make such statements. It gives an 
opportunity to talk about the gospel, and 
usually ends with them promising to come 
to the meetings and to read a gospel which 
I always give them. Do they keep their 
promises? They usually attend meetings 
while under treatment; some have been 
converted, and others want the loaves and 
fishes only. But we are to sow beside all 

A personal letter from Mrs. Wright, 
dated Jan. 13, contains items about the 
school : 

There are just six little girls and two 
young women, but we expect more when 
school opens again. Mr. Nelson from 
Canton was here a few days ago, and, 
speaking about school work, he said : “If 
the Church gets one teacher out of every 
ten girls educated, it is good. One out of 
every five is exceptionally good. But 
those who do not become teachers go back 
to their homes and carry the gospel to 
their own village people. No doubt a 

News of the Churches. 


school makes it possible for many to learn 
the gospel who would otherwise never hear 
of it.” This is from one who has been 
for years in China, and who knows what 
it is to have schools and what it is to be 
without them. 

The people are very much interested in 
the school work. We invited our teachers 
to hear the girls recite and sing, and they 
were very much pleased and surprised. I 
have a very line little teacher. She is a 
good Christian woman, and makes it plain 
to all who come to learn aboht the working 

of the school that it is the gospel that is 
taught chiefly, and that the object of the 
school is to make Christians. The girls 
have little readers that teach them good 
behavior, and they write and sing and have 
physical drill. Dr. Kate McBurney is 
giving one evening in the week to teach 
them knitting, and they are busy with 
garden and flowers in play time. They 
take turns helping 'the cook with her work. 
We hope to make them useful Christian 
women who shall have a good influence on 
the coming generation in China. 


Allegheny, Pa. — The following items are from Central Board : 

On hand 
Jan. 1, ’06 

Chinese Mission $391.43 

Southern Mission 1,462.85 

Indian Mission 2,406.65 

Sustentation Fund.... 282.92 


Domestic Mission 2,404.56 

Southern Mission . — The enrollment in 

tin Selma School has thus far been 450, 
at Pleasant Grove 123, at East Selma 48, 
and at Valley Camp 44 — total 665, the 
largest for many years. The sum collect- 
ed in January at the Selma School w r as 
$175.29; in all $192.00. This is quite 
an increase over that collected in pre- 
vious years during the same time. 

The third floor of the school building 
lias been comfortably fitted up for a school 
room. Since the beginning of the year 
Miss Augusta Buck has had charge of 
a number of the scholars in grades one 
and two. 

Chinese Mission . — From January 8 to 

February 11 the enrollment was 15 ; 
average attendance at the night school 
3 2-3, at the prayer meeting 8, on the 


On hand 



Feb. 1, ’06 














2, <03.40 


Sabbath 9 1-5; ot whites at the prayer 
meeting the average attendance was 1 2-5 
and on Sabbath 7 2-5. 

Indian Mission .— ^There has been con- 
siderable sickness of late. One Indian 
boy, age about 17, a member of the church, 
has died. He gave very comforting 
evidence of preparation for death. 

Mr. James Arthur of Pittsburgh Con- 
gregation is visiting the Mission and will 
remain for a short time, helping in the 

J. W. Sproull. 

Linton, la — The Sharon Young Peo- 
ple’s Societjr desire to express a last tribute 
of love and respect to the memory of 
Ernest Allen : 

Whereas, It has seemed good in the 


News of the Churches. 

Heavenly Father’s sight to remove from 
our midst in the strength of his youth one 
so zealous in his preparation for a life of 
usefulness. Therefore 

Resolved , 1. That we hereby express our 
deep sense of loss in his removal ; 

2. That we recognize that God has a 
right to take His own, and we bow in 
submission to His will. 

3. That we would profit by the example 
he has left us of a Christian life and 
death, and heed God’s voice as He speaks 
to us in this Providence; and 

4. That we extend our sincere sympathy 
to the bereaved family who have been 
bereft of two of its members in so short a 
time, and commend them to the Heavenly 
Father, who says, “I will never leave thee 
nor forsake thee.” 

Olathe, Kans. — The Treasurer’s re- 
port of the J. H. Wylie Mission Band, 
Olathe, Ivans., for the year 1905 : 

Collections $13.55 

Donations 6.52 

Birthday offerings 1-43 

For quilt 3.50 

Total $25.00 

Wylie Redpath, Treas. 

Utica, 0. — The L. M. Society of the 
Utica Congregation report for 1905 a mem- 
bership of thirty-five, and eleven meetings 

during the year. The Society is now sup- 
porting two pupils in China at twenty 
dollars each. A barrel of clothing was 
sent to the Southern Mission. 

The Society gave a reception to our 
pastor and his wife, Rev. and Mrs. Blair, 
and also a present of money. During the 
past year our Society met with a great 
loss in the death of Miss Lide Dunlap, 
one of our most active and faithful mem- 
bers, but our loss was her unspeakable 

Mrs. W. W. Reynolds, 


Miss Jeannette Watson, 


Treasurer’s Report. 


Balance $2.00 

Yearly dues 33.00 

Monthly collections 14.36 

Donations 98.45 



Mission in China $75.95 

Southern Mission 26.38 

Foreign Mission 35.00 

Flowers 1-68 


Amount in treasury 8.80 



Ten years ago Amos, a native evangelist of- the Wesleyan Missionary Society, stopped 
for the night by the well of the out-castes in Medak,.Haidarabad, India. Even the out- 
castes felt outraged by his presence, and while he was eating his supper they seized 
him by the ears and kicked him and his supper out of the place. This year the chief 
who led this assault, entertained the same evangelist Amos in his house, and was 
baptized, with all twenty-six of the heads of families under him a strong, intelligent 
group of eager men. What force captured this outpost of Medak? 


The total membership of the Moravian Church is 41,000 at home; heathen converts, 
101,000. Last year they raised $300,000 for foreign missions. One in every 6* of 
iheir communicants is a foreign missionary. 





Friday afternoon, Jan. 12, 1906, there 
passed away from earth a Christian 
woman who might have posed for the 
Scripture portrait of one whose price is 
far above rubies. Born June 20, 1833, at 
Letterkcnnv, Ireland, where, as a child, 
she held the heart of the community by a 
singularly attractive personality, Matilda 
Torrens came to the United States in 
1848, and on February of the following 
year, she became identified with the Sec- 
ond Reformed Presbyterian Congregation 
of New York, of which she was a conse- 
crated member for fifty-five years. Gov- 
erned by g piety of the cast that is not 
afraid to smile, and a lover of pleasant 
society, she soon won a host of friends. 
And as the result of congenial fellowship 
and a conscientious observance of religious 
privileges, she developed into a noble 
womanhood . 

On Oct. 26, 1857, she was married to the 
late Elder Andrew Alexander, whom she 
bad met a short time before under some- 
what rdinantic circumstances. As he was 
a young man of kindred religious spirit 
and of a similar social disposition, the 
union was a most happy one. The love at 
first sight on a certain fateful New Year’s 
Day never lost its glow, but rather grew 
in intensity till the separation came at the 
end of nearly forty-seven years. Nor 
could anything be more touching than the 
tender interest in one another that marked 
the closing scenes of wedded life. Theirs 
was a Christian home, where husband and 
wife were together heirs of the grace of 
life, and the children were trained for the 
lx>rd, where the ministers of the church 
were always welcome guests, and the one 

aim of the family relationship seemed to 
be the glory of God. 

Mrs. Alexander shared with her husband 
in his views as to the stewardship of prop- 
erty, and their contributions to religious 
and benevolent enterprises were very large 
even when they were only in moderate 
circumstances. Fidelity to a sacred trust 
was a ruling force in all their givings; 
and when the reward came in the shape of 

enlarged material prosperity, there was 
more than a proportionate increase in the 
offerings for religion? and charitable pur- 
poses. Wealth, so apt to imperil the spir- 
itual interests of men, did not do them 
any harm. They still loved the House of 
the Lord. Their old friends in the lowlier 
walks of life were their dear friends still 
because of common kinship to Jesus 

It would be distasteful to the family to 


M ono graphs. 

enumerate instances of Mrs. Alexander’s 
liberality, but the writer may be pardoned 
for reminding the Church that the 
memorial chapel at Larnaca, Cyprus, was 
her gift toward the evangelization of that 
island. And only a few weeks before pass- 
ing away, she was credited with a large 
donation toward the fund to open a new 
station in China. Her hands were always 
stretched out for the relief of the destitute 
and in her tongue was the law of kindness. 
Wherever the cause of missions seemed to 
require assistance, her heart opened her 
purse. An intimate acquaintance of more 
than thirty years compels the testimony 
that the Saviour was the supreme passion 
of her life. 

For months before her husband’s death 
Mrs. Alexander was in feeble health. 
From that time her bodily strength grad- 
ually declined, until the Lord came to re- 
ceive her unto Himself. His goodness and 
mercy had followed her all the days of her 
life, and now she has entered into His joy. 


— The death of Mrs. John G. Paton, 
which took place Tuesday, May 16, 1905, 
M r as chronicled at the time in Olive Trees. 
As many of our readers had the pleasure 
of meeting Mrs. Paton and daughter on 
the occasion of a brief visit to America 
in the autumn of 1892, and as all of them 
are familiar with the missionary work of 
her distinguished husband in the New 
Hebrides, they will be glad to read this 
memorial sketch, which we clip from The 
Messenger of the Presbyterian churches of 
Victoria and Tasmania, Australia. — 

Mrs. Paton was the youngest daughter 
of Mr. John Whitecross, of Kennet, Scot- 
land, a man of earnest Christian character. 
In the bright little memoir which she 
wrote of her sister, “Helen Lyall,” we 
get glimpses of the early home — happy 
and holy in all abiding influences, mould- 

ing the young lives to high and noble en- 
deavor, preparing them to take their part 
bravely in the battle of life. 

Dr. and Mrs. Paton were married in 
Edinburgh in 1864, and arrived in Aus- 
tralia in January, 1865, to enter upon 
their work in the New Hebrides on the 
island of Aniwa. Missionary work in 
those pioneering days was very different 
from what it is now, after an interval of 
forty years. 

Mrs. Paton was singularly fitted for the 
honored position of a pioneer missionary’s 
wife. She had undaunted courage and a 
resolute will, combined with a brightness 
of spirit and warmth of heart that faced 
and conquered difficulties and dangers and 
won the confidence and love of the poor 
degraded heathen among whom she lived. 
Her “Letters and Sketches from the New 
Hebrides” — family letters not originally 
written for publication — a book more fas- 
cinating than any novel, is a wonderful 
revelation of a beautiful character. The 
humor and pathos, the high courage and 
faith, the patient endurance in sorrow and 
sickness, the strong affection, the earnest, 
faithful work, the heart filled with com- 
passionate love for perishing souls, set be- 
fore us a truly noble and most lovable 

Her Christianity was very healthful in 
its tone, neither morbid nor sentimental, 
and eminently practical. She was in the 
deepest sense of the word a helpmeet to 
her husband. He has done a great and 
grand work, but we may be forgiven for 
saying, all the greater and grander be- 
cause she was at his side. 

Some years ago Mrs. Paton had to re- 
tire from the islands, but she never ceased 
to be a missionary. Her home was the 
house of call for all our missionaries on 
their goings to and fro, and new-comers 
received from her a warm welcome and 
encouragement. Her drawing room was 



always open for meetings for the further- 
ance of any missionary cause, and she was 
interested in all good work. Her life was 
full of activity, and her home a center of 

For some months Mrs. Paton’s health 
had been decidedly failing, but it was only 
some six weeks before her death that the 
serious nature of her ailment was discov- 
ered, and in answer to her own questions, 
made known to her. In the silent and 
lonely hours of the night that followed 
she passed through her Gethsemane, and 
was enabled, at last, to say “Thy will be 
done,” leaving herself and her loved ones 
absolutely in her Father’s hand, and her 
heart was filled with a sweet glad peace 
which was never broken to the end. No 
thought of self entered into her mind — it 
was all for others. She was so brave, so 
bright and loving, so patient, the old spirit 
of fun flashing out at times, just waiting 
with calm trust and unclouded faith for 
the call home. 

And now she has passed within the 
gates of heaven, and it seems so easy to 
think of her entering into its joy. Her 
Saviour has spoken the “Well done, good 
and faithful servant,” and, among the 
many greetings from those who have gone 
before, are not a few from those whom she 
led to Christ from her own Island of 


Long ago I became interested in a phase 
of prayer that greatly enlarged my esti- 
mate of its power. It was first suggested 
by Dr. John Tngersoll, our old family 
physician in Wisconsin. He disbelieved 
the Bible as a divine revelation, and was 
almost as much an infidel as his noted 
brother Robert G. Ingersoll. He was far 
from being as dangerous, for he was a 
quiet, unassuming man, and what was re- 
markable he kept up a regular habit of 

prayer until his death. While he denied 
that prayer had any effect upon the mind 
of God, yet he claimed that it had a pow- 
erful influence to soothe and invigorate his 
own mind and strengthen his faith. I 
have just received a letter from a promi- 
nent lawyer of Lincoln, Neb., who says 
he is deeply interested in the mental or 
psychological aspects of both faith and 
prayer. He firmly believes in remarkable 
answers to prayer, and claims to have 
found in it great spiritual vitality, as well 
as temporal aid. He says, “Prayer is fuel 
for the spiritual dynamo — the soul. The 
man who does not fire up his soul with this 
fuel is losing the best part of life. No set 
form of words, nor any certain time, nor 
place, nor attitude is at all essential. By 
intent concentration of mind and soul, 
we can pray walking in the street, but 
the best place is alone in the silence, in 
our chamber, as suggested by the Christ. 
Outside of the Christian Bible, which I 
reverence and respect, prayer and its se- 
quence can be accounted for according to 
psychological law, and this is the plane 
on which I have studied it mostly.” 

The intensely practical question that 
interests me is : 1 f prayer is such an en- 
gine of power in the experience of these 
men who deny that the Bible promises are 
from God, and who ignore the Holy Spirit 
and the mediation of Jesus, what multi- 
plied power should we find in it who be- 
lieve in these great essential factors in 
prayer? Does it not suggest also that in 
answering prayer the Spirit uses a great 
law of mind, and that men may discover 
and get great benefit from the use of these 
laws without recognizing their author? 
And the more we understand the working 
of these laws, the more intelligently and 
effectually will we pray. As when we 
pray, “Give us this day our daily bread,” 
it helps us to know that the -answer comes 
along the line of our plowing and sowing 



and reaping. In onr intercessory prayers 
it should encourage us to know that the 
Spirit works along the line of certain well 
established laws of mind. We might draw 
upon the experience of ourselves and 
others to find illustrations of this law, 
but it is best to take a few from the 

When the angel slummers visited Lot in 
Sodom, why did he welcome them with 
such extraordinary respect and hospital- 
ity? Why did he press upon them 
greatly to lodge with him, even pro- 
posing to sacrifice his two daughters 
for their protection? Surely there was 
some mysterious force, call it mind-power 
or what you will, that was working upon 
the mind of this hard, sordid, selfish, 
worldly man. If modern psychological 
study proves, as I)r. W. P. Johnston has 
recently declared in a sermon, that 
thoughts, like the wireless message, go 
from mind to mind without means, either 
audible or visible, then may not this re- 
markable change upon the mind of Lot 
have been in response to that great earn- 
est intercessory prayer of his Uncle 
Abraham ? 

A still better illustration is the remark- 
able prayer of Abraham’s servant when 
commissioned with the responsible trust of 
procuring a wife for Isaac. In his prayer 
he entreated the Lord to realize in his ex- 
perience an imaginary picture of a beau- 
tiful, affable, courteous, obliging girl com- 
ing down to the well, and not only giving 
him a drink, but his camels also. Was it 
not the operation of the same mysterious 
law of mind — the interchange of thought 
force — that led the girl Rebekah, even 
while he was yet praying, to come down 
to the well and so wonderfully respond 
to this prayer ? Certainly it was the Holy 
Spirit who inspired the prayer, and also 
the response; but can we not discover a 
law of mind along which the Spirit works? 

A still more striking illustration is the 
desperate prayer of Jacob at the Fords of 
Jabbok. His prayer was for the recon- 
ciliation of his brother’ Esau, who for 
twenty years had been brooding over a 
great wrong, and nursing a spirit of re- ■ 
venge until it had taken entire possession 
of him. At length the long-looked-for 
day of vengeance came, and now he was 
coming with four hundred armed men, 
and Jacob and all his family seemed 
doomed to utter destruction. But all at 
once Esau’s vindictive feelings were re- 
versed ; his weapons of war laid aside, and 
he ran to meet Jacob and embraced him 
and fell on his neck and wept and kissed 
him. Yes, the present Jacob sent on be- 
fore had something to do with it, but 0, it 
was chiefly the impact upon Esau’s mind 
and thought of that wonderful prayer of 
Jacob as he wrestled with the Lord and 
prevailed ! It was by this prayer that he 
earned the title of Israel — a prince who 
“had power with God and with men.” 

One more striking illustration is that of 
King Ahasuerus, the greatest monarch of 
his time. During one memorable night 
he could not sleep, but tossed restlessly 
upon his bed. The anxiety upon his mind 
that some great wrong was being perpe- 
trated in his empire was so great, that he 
had to rise at midnight and have his sec- 
retary read to him from the government 
records. There is no explanation of the 
strange phenomena, if you leave out the 
fact that, at that very time Queen Esther 
and her maidens, and Mordecai and all the 
Jews in Shushan, at the close of a three 
days’ fast, were focalizing their prayers 
upon the king, that his mind might be 
changed, and that the cruel edict for the 
massacre of the Jews would be reversed. 
Might we not defy any person to sleep if 
a similar current of earnest prayer by a 
praying, fasting congregation were turned 
upon him? How it intensifies the power 



of prayer to the mind of the believer who 
regards it as a bow in the hands of the 
Spirit. Our desire is the bow, faith is the 
string, the promise is the arrow, and the 
Holy Spirit is the Almighty arm to draw 
the bow and direct and send the arrow to 
the mark. When we have the promise, 
and strong desire, and faith in its fulfill- 
ment, and we feel that we are in the hands 
of the Spirit, then w r e may be sure of re- 
sults: “Whatsoever ye desire when ye 

pray, believe that ye receive them and ye 
shall have them.’’ 

Wahoo, Neb. M. A. Gault. 


— The readers of Olive Trees will be 
glad to have this address of the late Mrs. 
J. G. Paton, with a few closing sentences 
by Dr. Paton. It was originally published 
in The Messenger of the Presbyterian 
churches of Victoria and Tasmania for 
January, 1906, and is reproduced in these 
columns because so full of interest to all 
lovers of foreign missionary work. — 

It is difficult, after half a lifetime’s ex- 
perience in the mission field, to know just 
what will be most interesting and profit- 
able to recount. ‘Our New Hebrides 
Islands do not present the great attrac- 
tions as regards vastness and population 
that India and China do, but geographic- 
ally they lie nearest us in Australia, and 
for difficulty and dangers they will vie 
with any mission field, and should tempt 
the bravest Christian spirits- to go and 
give them the teaching and blessings of the 
gospel. It would be splendid if all those 
gems of the South Pacific could be won 
for Christ. The few who have been 
brought in show what the others may be- 
come, for, in their natural state, our sav- 
ages seem hardly human. We have often 
wondered how r , amid such beautiful sur- 
roundings, they could be so degraded. 
The scenery of the New Hebrides is sur- 

passingly beautiful; richly wooded hills, 
with their brilliant tropical foliage and 
greener}', down to the water’s edge, and 
reflected back in all their shades of color 
of lovely mountains in the background, 
seen through sunlights and hazes, gor- 
geous skies and seas of glass, showing 
caverns and grottos of rocks, and coral of 
every hue. There is a charm and softness 
in the atmosphere that is felt only in the 
tropics, yet all this does not raise or refine 
those natives one iota. It is left for the 
gospel to do that. The transformation 
between a New Hebridean savage and 
'a New Hebridean Christian, even in the 
expression of his face, is well worth 
laboring a lifetime to witness. I do not 
for a moment mean to compare those con- 
verts with Christians now who have been 
reared from their cradles in the noontide 
blaze of Christian light. That would be 
unfair ; but, looking at them from the 
pits out of which they have been dug, we 
have a grander view of Christ’s trans- 
forming power, and a keener joy than, I 
think, is ever possible to feel in a Christian 
land. Our converts have never sufficiently 
advanced in Christian knowledge to be 
able to fight over the “ologies” and “isms” 
that occasionally occupy the attention of 
some of our white lands. They don’t un- 
derstand nor quite see the use of them, 
their faith in our Lord Jesus being so 
direct and simple, and their Christianity 
taking a very practical turn. One of our 
islanders who was for many years in Syd- 
ney, acting as a missionary to his sable 
brethren there, was met one day by a 
friend of ours, who said, “Well, Sam, 
where have you been to-day?” He re- 
plied, “0, I have been to hear Mr. Hudson 
Taylor. I go every time.” “And how do 
you like Mr. Taylor?” “Oh, he grand fel- 
low ! He talk simple, and I can follow 
him ! No bothering logity about him !” 
Sam meant bothering theology. 



Some of those native workers have in- 
spired me with fresh faith and courage 
when 1 most needed both, just by their 
example. 1 well remember the day we 
landed on Aniwa, many years ago. I 
Icncw I was the first white woman that 
ever set foot on its shores, and I am afraid 
I did not quite appreciate the privilege. 
You would need to see the savages as I did 
see them in a state of nature, unadorned, 
except with horrid paint, grasping their 
weapons of war, to understand the hor- 
ror which overcame me as we left the boat, 
our last link to civilization, to commit our- 
selves to their tender mercies, and the wild 
hope that they would not allow us to land, 
and show fight while there was a chance 
of us getting back to the “Dayspring” 
Mission ship. Their attitude, however, 
was entirely non-committal. They gazed 
stolidly and attentively at us, with not a 
ghost of a smile to encourage us. Just 
then I felt my hand taken by another 
hand, and a bright, pleasant voice said in 
Aneityumese, “My love to you, Missi.” On 
looking up, I saw a nicely dressed woman 
in a clean print and broad-brimmed hat, 
and I stood still in utter amazement to 
see anything so civilized. Then it was as 
if an angel from heaven had been sent to 
comfort me, when Mr. Paton explained 
that she was the wife of the Aneityum 
teacher, whose existence I had entirely for- 
gotten. I think I never clung to anyone 
in my life as I did to that colored woman, 
and I could walk along with a firmer tread 
as I realized that she, too, had given up 
home and kindred to live among and teach 
the heathen of Jesus and His love and sal- 
vation. I feel the conduct of those native 
teachers and their wives is beyond all 
praise, and they deserve even more sym- 
pathy than we do, being the real pioneers 
of civilization and of the gospel. It is as 
great a sacrifice for them in some respects 
as for us, yet they have not the same com- 

pensations, they have not the sympathy 
and backing, nor the resources within 
themselves that we have. Like us, too, 
they have to acquire and speak and teach 
in a foreign tongue, for the diversity of 
languages on our islands is such that 
Bishop Pattieson declared, “the New 
Hebrideans must originally have come 
straight from the Tower of Babel !” It 
seemed dreadful to hear them jabbering 
all around, and not to know a word of 
what they were saying about us. 

Some of the women came forward and 
returned salutations, examining me very 
carefully, and curiously feeling themselves 
at the same time, as if to ascertain if we 
were alike. We became very good friends 
at once, and remained so all the years 
we were on the islands. The men I at 
first cordially disliked — yes, detested — 
they were so unbearably impudent, but 
even they soon won their way to my heart 
by their worship of our baby boy. Their 
love of children is a beautiful trait in 
their character, and drew us closely to- 
gether very much sooner than we other- 
wise would. After we were able to talk 
to them a little, we found them much 
more companionable, and we had far more 
in common than we could have believed 
possible. They have like emotions with 
us, and are naturally a merry-hearted race, 
and have a keen sense of the ludicrous, 
often laughing so heartily that they roll 
about on the ground through their sheer 
inability to stand. They are very demon- 
strative in their grief as well as in their 
fun, and give vigorous expression to it in 
their wailing over the dead. Of course, it 
is by no means all sorrow on those occa- 
sions, for they set about it as deliberately 
as we would order mournings, and the 
louder they howl the deeper the crape. 
Besides, they are sure of a great feast at 
the close of the burial to reward them 
for their exertions. I was struck with the 



cool way they set about it w r hen a sudden 
death occurred on Aniwa one Sabbath. 
At the close of the church services, the 
women asked me not to have my usual 
Bible class, as they wanted to go and wail. 
I willingly consented, being glad of a rest 
that hot afternoon, and was trying hard 
to get my husband to follow r my example 
and stay at home, when a dear old woman 
came smiling into the room. I said, “Oh, 
I am so sorry not to have had the Bible 
class if any of you have been waiting for 
it.” She replied, “They have all gone but 
me, Missi. My throat is a little sore, and 
I would not be of much use. You see, I 
cannot yell very much with it!” They 
have a wild, weird music of their own, as 
they recount the good deeds of the de- 
parted in a sort of chant. They are ex- 
ceedingly fond of music, and often have 
their favorite hymns picked out for us to 
translate into their language, just by hear- 
ing us sing them in English at family 
worship. Two of our lads had a trip on 
board the “Dayspring” as boat’s crew, and 
as soon as they got on shore they begged 
Dr. Paton to compose a new hymn for 
them like one they had heard the sailors 
singing, which turned out to be “In the 
Sweet Bye and Bye,” and with which they 
were charmed. The Doctor soon trans- 
lated it, and we had lively times in teach- 
ing them to sing it and others. It was so 
difficult for the men to keep proper time 
with the boys in the chorus. We always 
had our dining room packed at evening 
■worship when they knew that a new hymn 
was to be taught them, and I had no diffi- 
culty, but many willing volunteers, to 
carry the harmonium from the church to 
our house for the purpose. They were 
eager helpers in the work of translation, 
and some of them made good pundits. 
They were all good linguists, having plenty 
of practice on the different islands when 
they interchanged visits in their canoes, 

and they could enter intelligently and 
sympathizingly into our difficulty in ac- 
quiring their language; yet it was uphill 
work sometimes, having no guide except 
hearing the natives’ chatter, and, like as 
in all foreign tongues, it seemed as if they 
gabbled too quickly, but our delight was 
in proportion great when we got some 
fresh knowledge. For a long time we 
could not find out the sign of the future, 
and were much at a loss for it. We had 
often heard the natives say “ka,” and 
asked what it meant, but they declared 
that there was not such a word in their 
language, and it did not occur to us that 
it might be a prefix. At last one day I 
was going to do something in the dining 
room with the baby in my arms, when his 
nurse came forward saying, “Avon ka- 
takoia, Missi.” She spoke very distinctly, 
and I saw the “ka” meant “will” (“I will 
carry him”). I put the baby into her 
arms, and flew out the back way, being 
the shortest to the church, where Mr. 
Paton and some natives were working. I 
met him rushing to the house, hammer in 
hand, with the same information, and we 
both shouted to each other in the same 
breath that we had discovered the sign of 
the future ! The incident had to be ex- 
plained as well as we could to some by- 
standers, who wondered what we were re- 
joicing and laughing so heartily at, and 
they were eagerly interested. In translat- 
ing, Mr. Paton had often to appeal to 
them for words, so that their interest be- 
came almost as deep as ours in the work. 
Once, when he was translating one of the 
gospels — St. Luke, I think it was — we 
were for days trying to get the word 
“tempt.” It was to give a good rendering 
of that passage where our Saviour was 
answering the Jews when they asked if it 
was lawful to give tribute unto Caesar. 
He said, “Why tempt ye Me ; show Me a 
penny : whose image and superscription 



hath it?” Neither of us knew a word in 
Aniwan for “tempt,” and Mr. Paton’s 
pundit seemed to think that there was not 
such a word in the language, or he did not 
understand what was wanted. It is so dif- 
ficult to explain in a foreign tongue, and 
put questions so as to elicit the exact word 
wanted. After consulting several of the 
most intelligent natives without success, 
we sent for Litse, who had been with me as 
nurse on a visit to Australia, and I re- 
minded her of all the pretty things she 
used to gaze at in the shop windows, in 
Melbourne, and how she wished she could 
have them. “Litse,” I said, “what did 
those shop windows try to do to us by ex- 
hibiting all those pretty things to us?” 
“Why, they were trying to make us buy 
them, of course!” We explained that we 
wanted to know if there was one Aniwa 
word that would express what the shop- 
keepers were doing in making us wish to 
buy their things. She said, “I see exactly 
what you want, Missi, but there is not 
one word for it in our language, as it is 
in yours. We can only say they cause us to 
covet,” so with that we felt we must be 
content. We happened to be late up that 
night, and on retiring about midnight we 
were surprised to see our cook coming 
stealing into the room in eager excitement. 
He said, “Missi, would you mind the 
breakfast being a little later to-morrow 
morning?” I replied, “Surely not, but 
why?” He said, “I have been lying think- 
ing about that word the Missi wants, and I 
remembered that Lopu, a man in a distant 
village, is half an Aniwan and half an 
Eromangan (my cook was an Eromangan) 
and he knew both languages thoroughly. 
I shall go to his house before daylight 
with my Eromangan gospel, and catch 
him before he goes off to his plantation 
work, and we will read the passage in 
Eromangan, and he will be sure to know 
if there is a corresponding word in the 

Aniwan.” He did so; but Lopu only con- 
firmed what had been already said by the 
others. He believed such a word did not 
exist in the Eromangan and Aniwan lan- 

Tn composing books and in translating 
the Scriptures for the New Hebridean 
natives into the languages spoken by them, 
at first every missionary meets with such 
-difficulties, which gradually disappear as 
his knowledge of the language increases, 
enabling him to see its prefixes, affixes, 
idioms and dialects, as he hears it spoken 
by the natives, not only on each island, 
but by the different tribes in each district 
of it, differing so that they do not under- 
stand each other, and for fear of being 
killed for some inter-tribal feud, they sel- 
dom meet except in war among the 

In the languages spoken on most of our 
New Hebridean islands we find not only 
the single and plural used, but a dual and 
a triad, in which the natives have words 
including and excluding the person or per- 
sons spoken to, and also many other nice 
peculiarities not expected to be found in 
unwritten languages, as spoken by sav- 
ages; yet all have to be understood and 
carefully used in the translating of the 
Holy Scriptures into their languages, so 
as to have them correct and easily under- 
stood by them when they have been taught 
to read them by us. In His infinite wis- 
dom and goodness, when God inspired 
and taught by His Holy Spirit prophets, 
apostles and holy men of old to write the 
Scriptures, His only infallible rule of faith 
and practice for all men wherever found, 
He taught them so to write them that the 
Bible — God’s Book — is the easiest in the 
world to be translated into all languages, 
in “discipling all nations by preaching the 
gospel to every creature,” and Christ’s 
heavenly light, love, and teaching, as set 
before us in the Bible, is now more than. 



ever the power of God unto salvation in 
many lands to all who believe and try to 
obey and live in accordance with His 
divine teaching. Hence the obligation, 
privilege, and honor laid upon us and upon 
all Christians to help in extending its light 
and jo) r s to all the world, by missionaries, 
and by praying for and helping to support 
its work of trying to give the Bible to the 
world, the noble British and Foreign Bible 
Society and other kindred societies. In a 
little over fifty years, by the Holy Spirit’s 
power in teaching the Bible as translated 
in books or in w T hole into twenty-seven 
new languages, or as spoken by natives on 
the New Hebrides, God has given our 
mission about twenty thousand converts 
from the cannibals to become Christians, 
and three hundred and thirty of them as 
native teachers and preachers of the gos- 
pel; and on the Solomon group, Bishop 
Wilson informed us that his mission there 
has about thirteen thousand converts. On 
the New Hebrides our converts pay for 
the printing of all our translations of the 
Scriptures printed in their languages, by 
arrowroot. They also pay for the building 
of nearly all their churches and schools 
themselves by it, and some of the more ad- 
vanced stations now pay for the support 
of their own native teachers, and send 
teachers to other islands among the 
heathen, helping to lead them also to know 
and love and serve Jesus Christ, our Sav- 
iour. So we and they work and pray, and 
hope ere long to see all our remaining 
forty thousand or more savages led to love 
and serve our blessed Lord Jesus Christ, 
and we give hearty thanks to all who pray 
for and help to support our mission in all 
the varied branches of its work. 



The sympathy of Christ for perishing 

men brought Him down from heaven to 
earth. When He saw the multitude He 
was moved with compassion, because they 
were as sheep without a shepherd. When 
Jesus stood at the grave of Lazarus and 
beheld the sorrow of the bereaved sisters, 
He was touched. “J esus wept.” And 

when He beheld the effects of sin in the 
ghastly contents of the tombs. He groaned 
in spirit. 

When God saw the wickedness of man, 
that it was great, it grieved Him at His 
heart. And when Jesus looked over Jeru- 
salem from the Mount of Olives and saw 
its terrible destruction by the Boman 
army because of its rebellion against God, 
He cried, “0 Jerusalem ! Jerusalem ! thou 
that stonest the prophets and killest those 
that are sent unto thee; how often would 
I have gathered thee as a hen gathers her 
chickens under her wings, and you would 
not.” If we would help suffering men, 
we must have this sympathy. And we 
cannot have this sympathy for the dis- 
tressed without the look to heaven. When 
Isaiah had the vision of heaven and saw 
the Lord, high and lifted up, he cried, 
“I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell 
in the midst of a people of unclean lips, 
for mine eyes have seen the King, the 
Lord of hosts.” It is only in the light of 
the heavenly vision that our hearts are 
touched with sympathy for the perishing. 
It was after Saul of Tarsus had seen Jesus 
in a light above that of the sun, that he 
said, “Yea, woe is unto me if I preach not 
the gospel.” But to have our sympathies 
aroused and do nothing to relieve the suf- 
fering ones is a source of harm to our- 
selves. One of the most deadly influences 
at work to-day is the habit of reading 
cheap novels and having the feelings 
stirred, simply as a personal gratification. 
We are to visit the needy and suffering, 
that we may sympathize with them, with 
full purpose of and endeavor after their 



relief. Let me illustrate. I was asked to 
visit a man by the name of Joseph Kyle 
in Jamaica Plains. I found him a man 
of seventy-five years, born in Ireland of 
Presbyterian parents, who had him com- 
mit the Psalms and Shorter Catechism. 
He came to New England when of age, and 
married a Unitarian lady. He prospered 
in business and lost interest in religion. 
His wife died, his partners in business 
deceived him, he became nervous and 
skeptical. He repudiates the Bible and 
the atonement, and takes refuge in a uni- 
versal salvation from a God all mercy, 
pictured after the imagination of his own 
heart. He refused to allow me to pray 
with him. But, strange to say, he asks 
me to come and see him again each time 
I have gone. Our only hope is in reaching 
his heart by proving our sympathy for 
him and without losing our hold upon his 
respect and confidence, leading him to 
Jesus. Take another case. A young 
couple came to our home to be married. 
The bride asked us urgently to visit her 
mother in Everett. This we were forward 
to do. And this was the story: She had 
spent the first twenty years of her life in 
Glasgow, Scotland, and was a devoted 
worshipper in the Presbyterian Church. 
She had committed the Psalms and 
Shorter Catechism, and made a profession 
of her faith. She left home to work in 
England, and after a while came to Bos- 
ton and married a man who belonged to 
the Episcopal Church. She could not 
worship in his church with satisfaction, 
nor in the Congregational Church with 
comfort, because of the hymns. And the 
result was she had stayed at home for the 
past thirty years. Her sons and daugh- 
ters had grown up without the family 
altar, and like her, without the ordinances 
of God’s house. She expressed surprise 
that we had a Psalm-singing church in the 
city of the Scotch Covenanter type. She 

was glad to have us read a chapter and 
pray. She promised to come to public 
worship. But she did not come. Again 
we visited her. But she stayed at home. 
Habit was strong and she began to make 
excuse that she could not dress as she 
wished. But each time the promise was 
renewed that she would come. Many 
'months have passed, and she has not made 
an appearance in God’s house. As a min- 
ister said of an unprofitable hearer, “Her 
soul is nothing but a bog.” Nothing but 
a miracle of grace can change that bog 
into rich, productive soil. Satan has de- 
ceived and bound that woman for these 
thirty-eight years. Who could fail to have 
compassion and to wish to lead her to 
Jesus that she might be loosed from those 
bonds ? Another case : A German boy, 
whose parents were Lutherans, was left 
an orphan when nine years old. He went 
to sea, and spent forty years visiting many 
lands. Then he came to Boston and mar- 
ried a Catholic woman and prospered in 
worldly affairs. Through one of our 
members I was called to visit him. He 
clung to the faith of his childhood and 
delighted in telling how he was often near 
shipwreck and God saved him. He be- 
lieves in the Bible and salvation by the 
blood of Jesus, and that a man must be 
born again to see the Kingdom of God. 
But he stumbles on the divisions of the 
churches. And with that as his pretext 
ignores them all. All our effort to per- 
suade him to take a stand for Christ and 
accept His salvation for himself were 
futile. He would not allow us to pray 
with him in his home because his wife 
was a Catholic. We cannot go often lest 
we lose his respect. To keep a tight grip 
on his good will and pray for him in 
secret are the only prospect of leading 
him to Jesus. 

J. M. Foster. 

Boston, Mass. 

Editorial Notes. 



At the request of the Department of 
State, a ] ist of the names of our mission- 
aries at Tak Iling Chau has been sent to 
Mr. Charles Denby, Chief Clerk of that 
Department, Washington, D. C. 


The Memorial Thank Offerings amount- 
ed to $2888.97 at the end of January, 
and the following offerings have been re- 
ceived since that time: 

Three dollars and a half from Miss 
Mary B. McDowell, Garfield, N. J., for 
Syria; $3 from Three Friends, Hopkin- 
ton, la. ; $1.50 from Mrs. Mary A. Mc- 
Millan, Aurora, 111., and $10 from Prof. 
J. A. Adams, Second New York, for 

The present total is $2906.97. 


Olive Trees thankfully acknowledges 
the receipt of $2 from a brother who does 
not wish his name published, to be added 
to the fund for a new station in China; 
$5 from Mrs. Margaret Lawson, Barnes- 
ville, N. B., for the Foreign Missions; $5 
from the L. M. Society of the Congrega- 
tion at Almonte, Ontario, for the Domes- 
tic Missions, and $4 from Mr. and Mrs. 
Garner R. Duguid, Fremont, iDd., a birth- 
day memorial of their little six-year-old 
son, who was taken home March 20, 1905. 

# • 

Olive Trees acknowledges the receipt 
of the following contributions from the 
young women of the Reformed Presby- 
terian Church toward the salary of their 

missionary for 1906 : 

Miss Maggie E. Atchison, Olathe, 

Kans $3.65 

L. M. Society of Miller’s Run Con- 
gregation 12.50 

Mrs. J. B. Williamson, Cambridge, 

Mass 3.65 

Mrs. J. C. Taylor, E. Craftsburv, Vt.$5.20 
Mrs. John Turbitt, New York. . . . 5.20 

Miss Sara M. Robison, Dresden, O. 5.00 
Miss Eliza M. Cannon, Wyman, la. 5.20 
Mrs. M. E. McKee, Clarinda, la. . . .15.00 
Miss Sadie Caskey, Allegheny, Pa. . . 10.00 
Two Friends of Missions, New York.25.00 

Also three contributions toward the sal- 
ary of pastors’ missionary : 

Rev. J. C. Taylor, E. Craftsbury, 

Yt $10.00 

Memorial of the late Rev. D. Me 

Kee, Clarinda, la 15.00 

Rev. J. B. Gilmore, York, N. Y. . .15.00 

And one toward the salary of the elders’ 
missionary : 

Mr. John Robison, Dresden, O. . . . $4.50 

Another minister is needed for Syria, 
and once more an appeal is made to the 
students and licentiates of the Church to 
consecrate themselves to this service. 
Three young women are also required for 
Syria, Asia Minor and China, and there 
must be those in the fellowship of the 
Covenanter Church who are qualified and 
ready to go in response to the call of the 
Redeemer. We ask the whole Church to 
unite in prayer that these needed laborers 
may hear His call and be driven of His 
Spirit into these foreign fields. 

An article on “Our Mission Schools in 
Northern Syria,” published recently in 
Olive Trees, has called forth a protest 
from Prof. R. J. George. Unable to find 
anything to condemn in its defense of the 
school work, he has had to content himself 
with condemning what he calls “a great 
wrong” to a man, who certainly merits no 
sympathy. Filled with the idea of minis- 
terial dignity, he seems to be distressed 
above measure, and in order to give vent 


Editorial Notes. 

to his pent up feelings, he tears a few sen- 
tences of the article away from their set- 
ting, and says in effect, as if expecting 
every one to burst into a flood of tears : 
‘‘Isn't it too bad that a dear friend of 
mine should write such awfully wicked 
things about a minister?” The indignant 
protest means simply that and nothing 

We hesitated to take any notice of Dr. 
Martin’s letters, until friends of the Mis- 
sion, in whose judgment we have the full- 
est confidence, wrote asking if there was to 
be no reply. And it is peculiarly gratify- 
ing to have written an editorial that meets 
with such general approval. We do not 
intend at present to make further refer- 
ences to the narrow views of this “most 
highly esteemed minister,” “eminently 
successful missionary” and “intelligent 
student of the best methods of missionary 
work.” But, as it seems to us, his dic- 
tatorial attitude toward a Mission with 
which he has no connection, and whose 
members are as fully “devoted” and “em- 
inently successful” as he, is not along the 
line of Christian courtesy. 

The fact that Dr. Martin has been en- 
gaged in missionary work for so many 
years should have taught him wisdom. 
And the big heart of the Covenanter 
Church in America will continue to be 
more sensitively concerned for the honor 
of its Lord than for the feelings of pope, 
prelate, or preacher who dares to interfere 
with any earnest effort, though not in 
harmony with his views, to save souls from 
spiritual death. 

To secure as wide a circulation as pos- 
sible for “Sabbath Laws in the United 

States,” by Rev. E. C. Wylie, D.D., the 
National Reform Association offers this 
valuable volume at the following reduced 
rates : 

Bound in cloth, $6 a dozen. 

In paper covers, $3 a dozen. 

A half dozen will be furnished at the 
same price. 

Shipping expenses must be paid by the 

Single copies in cloth, by mail, 75 cents; 
in paper covers, 35 cents. 

At these figures this book, highly recom- 
mended by all who have examined it, 
ought to have a wide circulation. Every 
reader of Olive Trees would do well to 
buy one copy for himself and another for 
some friend who needs special instruction 
on the Sabbath question. 

The Missionary Review of the World 
for February contains some articles of 
great value, notably, “The Story of the 
Lien Chou Martyrdom,” “Dr. Moon’s 
Missionary Work for the Blind,” and “A 
Missionary Physician in Persia.” To 
some of the views presented in a paper 
on “Church Federation and Co-operation,” 
we take exception, and yet there is much 
in it that demands the attention of all who 
have the evangelization of the world at 
heart. The article on “Practical Prayer 
for Missions,” by Prof. G. Warneck, D.D., 
and translated by Rev. Louis Meyer from 
Allgemeine M issi o ns-Z ci tsch rift, deserves 
thoughtful study. The “Missionary In- 
telligence’’ is, as usual, full and encour- 

The annual price of this valuable mag- 
azine is $2.50, or $2 to clubs of ten. 

It is to my mother that I owe everything. If I am Thy child, 0, my God, it is 
because Thou gavest me such a mother. If I prefer the truth to all things, it is the 
fruit of my mother’s teachings. If I did not perish long ago in sin and misery, it is 
because of the long and faithful years which she pleaded for me. What comparison 
is there between the honor I paid her and her slavery for me? — Augustine. 


Rev. Jas. S. Stewart 

J. M. Balph, M. D 

Miss Mattie R. Wylie 

Miss Maggie B. Edgar 

Miss Meta Cunningham 

Rev. R. J. Dodds 

Rev. C. A. Dodds 

Miss Evadna M. Sterrett 

Rev. Walter McCarroll 

Calvin McCarroll, M. D 

Rev. A. I. Robb......... 

Rev. J. K. Robb 

Rev. Julius Kempf 

J. M. Wright, M. D 

Miss Kate McBurney, M. D..... 
Miss Jean McBurney, M. D 

► Latakia , Syria. 


Suadia , via Antioch , Syria. 


>Mersina, Asia Minor. 

Larnaca , Cyprus. 

Nicosia , Cyprus. 

^ Tak Hing Chau , West River , 

South China . 



Rev. W. W. Carithers, Indian Mission , 

Apache , O. T. 

Rev. J. G. Reed, Southern Mission , 

Selma , Ala. 

Rev. G. M. Robb, Jewish Mission, 

800 So. Fifth Street, Philadelphia , Pa. 


Syrian Mission, Mission in China and Church Erection — Mr. Walter 
T. Miller, Cotton Exchange Building, New York. 

Domestic Mission ; Southern Mission; Jewish Mission; Indian Mission; 
(Testimony Bearing; Sustentation; Theological Seminary; Ministers’, Widows’ 
and Orphans’ Fund; Literary; Students’Aid — Mr. J. S. Tibby, 507 Penn Building, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

National Reform — Rev.-R. C. Wylie, D. D., So. Avenue, Station D, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 



This map ts about 60 x65 inches in size, conforms to the best geographical authorities and the 
workmanship is in all respects of standard quality. 

It indicates by distinctive legends the location and relative importance of towns or village* 
where schools are or have been in operation. 

The regular price of the map is $3.00. 

Any one wishing a copy for himself or family ran have It mailed to bla address for 

$1.1)0 and 13 cents for postage. 


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and .... 

569 Seventh Avenue, 

Bet. 4(Jth and 41st Streets, 
Telephone, 416 Bryant 

Tslephont, 2700 Franklin. Established 1860. 

The J. W. Pratt Co. 

Printers and 

Manufacturing Stationers, 



21 West 42d Street, New York Telephone, 2533 Bryant 

1215 Bedford Avenue, bet. Halsey and Hancock Streets, Brooklyn, N. Y» 

JAMES S. TIBBY, Sharpsburg, Pa. 


PSALM BOOKS (old and new versions), TESTIMONY, BOOK